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Nightmare disorder


sleeping disorder nightmares

A nightmare is a terrifying dream that is connected to negative feelings like anxiety and fear. Among infants, clowns are popular but can occur at any age, and occasional hallucinations are typically unconcerned.

Nightmares will start in children aged between 3 and 6 and begin to decrease after 10 years of age. Among adolescents and young adults, girls tend more often to have hallucinations than boys do. Many may have them as teenagers or for a lifetime.

Nightmare conditions are relatively rare, while nightmares are common. Nightmare disorder is when dreams sometimes happen, cause anxiety, disrupt sleep, cause trouble working during the day or make you fearful of sleeping.


In the second half of your night, you are more likely to have a nightmare. Nightmares can happen rarely or more often, even several times a night. Episodes are usually short, but they can make you alert and it can be difficult to go back to sleep.

A nightmare may have these characteristics:

  • Your vision seems vivid and real and is highly annoying, sometimes disturbing as your dream unfolds.
  • Your dream plot is usually related to safety or survival risks, but other disturbing subjects may arise.
  • You are awoken by your dream.
  • As a consequence of your dream, you feel afraid, nervous, furious, sad or disgusted.
  • You feel warm or you have a pulse in bed.    
  • You can think clearly about awakening and remember your dream info.
  • Your dream causes trouble that stops you from sleeping comfortably.

Nightmares are known as a disease only if you experience:

  • Repeated occurrences.
  • During the day, such as anxiety or anxiety or constant terror, or anxiety about another nightmare at bedtime.
  • Concentration or memory problems, or you can’t stop thinking about scenes of your dreams.
  • Sleepiness, tiredness or low energy during the day.   
  • Problems at work, at school or in social situations.   
  • Dormant behavior problems or fear of the night. 

The nightmare of a child can cause major sleep disturbance and anxiety for parents or caregivers.

When to see a physician 

Even dreams are typically not cause for concern. You may simply mention them at a regular well-child review if your child has nightmares. Consult your doctor, however, if nightmares:

  • Occur frequently and continue over time.
  • Routine sleep disturbance.
  • Cause fear of sleeping.
  • Trigger issues of daytime conduct or difficulties functioning.


Nightmare disorder is referred to as a parasomnia by doctors— a kind of sleep disorder that includes unpleasant events, during sleep, sleep, or wake-up times. During the sleep period, cleavage is usually known as rapid eye movement (REM). It is not known the exact cause of nightmares.

Several factors can cause hallucinations, such as:

  • Stress or anxiety. Nightmares are sometimes caused by ordinary stresses of daily life, such as a home or school issue. An important change, like a relocation or the death of a loved one, can have the same effect. Anxiety is associated with a higher risk of nightmares.
  • Trauma. Nightmares are common following an accident, injury, physical or sexual assault, or other traumatic event. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) disorders are common in people.
  • Deprivation of sleep. Changes to your routine making sleeping and waking times erratic, or interrupting or reducing the amount of sleep can increase the risk of nightmares. Insomnia is related to an increased risk of nightmares.
  • Medicines. – including certain antidepressants, medications on blood pressure, beta blockers, and medicines used to treat or stop smoking Parkinson’s disease — may cause nightmares.
  • Abuse of drugs. The use or withdrawal of alcohol and recreational drugs can lead to nightmares.
  • Other diseases. Nightmares may be associated with depression and other mental health problems. Nightmares can occur with certain medical conditions, such as heart disease or cancer. There may be hallucinations with other sleep disorders that interfere with adequate sleep.
  •  Fearful books and films. For some people, reading frightening books or watching terrifying movies can be correlated with nightmares, particularly before bedtime.

Factors of risk 

Clowness is normal when family members have a history of nightmares or other sleep parasomnia, such as sleep chat.


Nightmare disorder can cause

  • Excessive sleepiness during the day that can lead to school or work issues or problems with daily tasks such as driving and concentrating.
  • Mood issues, such as depression or vision anxiety that keep troubling you.
  • Resistance to bed or to sleep for fear of another bad dream.
  • Suicidal thoughts or attempts at suicide.


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